Contrary to the situation in many other countries, there are currently only limited possibilities to regulate or prevent foreign direct investments in Sweden that could entail risks to Swedish security interests. Existing regulatory frameworks, such as the Protective Security Act (Sw. Säkerhetsskyddslagen), are limited to certain areas, to certain activities and to specific situations. The final report of the Inquiry of foreign direct investments (Sw. Granskning av utländska direktinvesteringar), published on 1 November 2021, puts forward a proposal for new legislation to address this gap.
The Swedish Government has now decided to implement changes in the regulations concerning the conditions for foreign hauliers' freight transport in Sweden and the responsibility for customers ordering such transports. The Government's decision was prompted by a judgment from the Court of Appeal over Skåne and Blekinge in case B 3209-20, on 5 May 2021.